This report reviews literature on young drivers' behavioural and personal characteristics in relation to their crash risk. Information is discussed within the framework of a theoretical model in which the major determinants of risk are: drivers' personal characteristics (skill, motivation) and their exposure to crash risk (both quantitative and qualitative factors). The review found that young drivers' skills are less developed than those of older drivers; research is required to define the types and amounts of experience needed to become a 'fully skilled' driver; that young driver motivation differs in some important ways from that of older drivers; that decisions made prior to driving influence drivers' subsequent exposure to crash risk, independent of their actual driving performance.
Type: Research and Analysis Report
Sub Type: Consultant Report
Author(s): W A Macdonald
Topics: Behaviour, Crash data, Young drivers
Publication Date: 01/01/94