Australia's air services agreements & arrangements

Australia currently has air services agreements/arrangements with more than 100 countries/economies.

Airlines operating international air services do so within capacity entitlements contained in air services arrangements. The Register of Available Capacity and the Growth Potential for Australian Airlines set out capacity available to Australian carriers. The capacity available to foreign carriers and the expected uptake for the most recent scheduling season is set out in the Growth Potential for Foreign Airlines.

To see a list of airlines and the services that are operating under Australia's air services agreements/arrangements, visit the International Airlines Timetable Summary page.

The information below is a summary only and should not be relied on to make commercial decisions. The Department can provide information on Australia's bilateral rights and entitlements to assist applicants in developing applications for available capacity. Contact the Department at internationalaviation@infrastructure.gov.au.

Air services arrangements are usually comprised of a treaty level Air Services Agreement supplemented by arrangements of less than treaty status between aeronautical authorities, such as Memorandums of Understanding and/or exchanges of letters. It is Australian Government practice to publish all treaty-level agreements. However, arrangements of less than treaty status are generally not published as they are traditionally regarded as being confidential between aeronautical authorities.

The links to treaties included below link to the Treaties Database maintained by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. It should be noted that the Treaties Database includes Australian treaties currently in force. Any amendments subsequently negotiated and given operational effect by aeronautical authorities through arrangements of less than treaty status will not be included in the Treaties Database. Similarly, any new treaties negotiated and given operational effect by aeronautical authorities through arrangements of less than treaty status but not yet signed will not be included in the Treaties Database.

Australia's air services agreements/arrangements

No. Country/Economy Signed Status Treaty text
1 Argentina 11 March 1992 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoUs of 2005** and 1998
Link to treaty with Argentina
2 Austria 22 March 1967 In force
Supplemented by MoUs of 2005*, 2003, and 1999*
Link to treaty with Austria
3 Azerbaijan Initialled 6 December 2017 Operational effect
Supplemented by Agreed Minutes of 2017
Undergoing treaty process
4 Bahamas 7 December 2017 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
5 Bahrain 29 April 1995 In force
Supplemented by MoUs of 2018 and 2003*
Link to treaty with Bahrain
6 Bangladesh Initialled 15 August 2008 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoU of 2008**
Undergoing treaty process
7 Belarus 31 May 2013 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
8 Belgium 23 November 2012 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoU of 2011
Link to treaty with Belgium
9 Botswana 20 November 2014 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
10 Brazil 21 April 2010 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2008
Link to treaty with Brazil
11 Brunei Darussalam 30 April 1992 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2007*
Link to treaty with Brunei Darussalam
12 Cambodia Initialled 19 May 2014 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoU of 2014**
Undergoing treaty process
13 Canada 5 July 1988 In force
Supplemented by Agreed Minutes of 2015* and 2000*
Link to treaty with Canada
14 Chile 7 September 2001 In force
Supplemented by EoL of 2018 and 2015 and MoU of 1998
Link to treaty with Chile
15 China 23 March 2004 In force
Supplemented by MoUs of 2016 and 2003
Link to treaty with China
16 Colombia Signed 14 February 2019 Not in effect
Supplemented by MoU of 2017**
Undergoing treaty process
17 Cook Islands 18 September 2001 In force
Supplemented by EoL of 2010 and MoU of 1999
Link to treaty with Cook Islands
18 Cote d'Ivoire Initialled 23 October 2015 Operational effect
Supplemented by RoD of 2016 and MoU of 2015
Undergoing treaty process
19 Croatia 4 September 2013 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoU of 2007
Link to treaty with Croatia
20 Curaçao (Netherlands) 18 November 2014 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
21 Cyprus Initialled 6 June 2017 Operational effect, Supplemented by MoU of 2017 Undergoing treaty process
22 Czech Republic 23 September 2010 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2005
Link to treaty with Czech Republic
23 Denmark Initialled 13 December 2018 Operational effect
Supplemented by RoD of 2018** and Agreed Minute of 1998
Undergoing treaty process
24 Ecuador 30 September 2014 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
25 Egypt 10 March 1997 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2012*
Link to treaty with Egypt
26 Ethiopia Initialled 12 December 2018 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoU of 2018
Undergoing treaty process
27 Fiji 24 March 1982 In force
Supplemented by various instruments including EoL of 2018, RoD of 2017 and MoU of 1999**
Link to treaty with Fiji
28 Finland Initialled 15 June 1999 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoU of 1999**
Undergoing treaty process
29 France
(treaty includes French Polynesia and New Caledonia)
13 April 1965 In force
Supplemented by MoUs of 2013*, 2012, 2011, 1997and 1996*
Link to treaty with France
30 French Polynesia 31 January 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
31 Germany 22 May 1957 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 1998* and EoL of 1996*
Link to treaty with Germany
32 Ghana 11 December 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
33 Greece 10 June 1971 In force
Supplemented by MoU and RoD of 2017**
Link to treaty with Greece
34 Guyana 13 December 2018 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
35 Hong Kong, China 15 September 1993 In force Link to treaty with Hong Kong, China
36 Hungary 23 September 2016 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2006
Link to treaty with Hungary
37 Iceland 21 October 2011 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
38 India 6 March 2006 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2018
Link to treaty with India
39 Indonesia 7 February 2013 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2011
Link to treaty with Indonesia
40 Ireland 26 November 1957 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2005*
Link to treaty with Ireland
41 Israel 23 February 2017 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2016
Link to treaty with Israel
42 Italy 10 November 1960 In force
Supplemented by Agreed Minutes of 2017**
Link to treaty with Italy
43 Japan 19 January 1956 In force
Supplemented by various instruments including RoDs of 2019 and 2011*
Link to treaty with Japan
44 Jordan Initialled 10 December 2012 Operational effect
Supplemented by RoD of 2018**
Undergoing treaty process
45 Kazakhstan 7 December 2017 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
46 Kenya 24 May 2012 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoU of 2008
Link to treaty with Kenya
47 Kiribati 22 October 2019 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoU of 2017
Undergoing treaty process
48 Korea, Republic of 26 February 1992 In force
Supplemented by LoE of 2020 and MoU of 2007*
Link to treaty with Korea, Republic of
49 Kuwait 22 October 2015 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2016
Link to treaty with Kuwait
50 Laos 4 July 2015 In force
Supplemented by RoD of 2016 and MoU of 2012
Link to treaty with Laos
51 Lebanon 11 March 1997 In force
Supplemented by EoL of 2000 and MoU of 1994
Link to treaty with Lebanon
52 Luxembourg Initialled 3 September 1997 Operational effect
Supplemented by EoL of 1999* and MoU of 1997
Undergoing treaty process
53 Macau, China 24 August 1999 In force Link to treaty with Macau, China
54 Macedonia 16 May 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
55 Malaysia 4 October 1972 In force
Supplemented by MoUs of 2013 and 2008* and Agreed Minutes of 2017
Link to treaty with Malaysia
56 Malta 11 September 1996 In force
Supplemented by EoLs of 2003* and MoU of 1996
Link to treaty with Malta
57 Mauritius 4 February 2016 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2007
Link to treaty with Mauritius
58 Mexico 9 April 2010 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2005
Link to treaty with Mexico
59 Mongolia 20 March 2015 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
60 Morocco Initialled 7 December 2017 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoU of 2017
Undergoing treaty process
61 Myanmar (Burma) 23 September 1976 In force
Supplemented by Agreed Minutes of 2015**
Link to treaty with Myanmar (Burma)
62 Namibia 7 December 2017 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
63 Nauru 17 September 1969 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2016**
Link to treaty with Nauru
64 Nepal Initialled 30 September 2019 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoU of 2019
Undergoing treaty process
65 Netherlands 25 September 1951 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 1997*
Link to treaty with Netherlands
66 New Caledonia 20 November 2013 Instrument of less than treaty status* N/A
67 New Zealand 8 August 2002 In force Link to treaty with New Zealand
68 Nigeria Initialled 22 October 2015 Operational effect**
Supplemented by MoU of 2019
Undergoing treaty process
69 Niue Initialled 25 June 1999 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoU of 1999
N/A
70 Norway Initialled 13 December 2018 Operational effect**
Supplemented by RoD of 2018* and Agreed Minute of 1998
Undergoing treaty process
71 Oman Initialled 6 April 2011 Operational effect**
Supplemented by MoU of 2018** and RoD of 2016*
Undergoing treaty process
72 Pakistan Initialled 2 August 2007 Operational effect**
Supplemented by MoU of 2007
Undergoing treaty process
73 Palau 2 May 2012 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoU of 2004
Link to treaty with Palau
74 Papua New Guinea 6 October 2017 In force
Supplemented by MoU 2010
Link to treaty with Papua New Guinea
75 Paraguay 11 December 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
76 Peru 24 May 2017 Operational effect**
Supplemented by MoU of 2013
Undergoing treaty process
77 Philippines 24 October 2012 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2018*
Link to treaty with Philippines
78 Poland 28 April 2004 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2003
Link to treaty with Poland
79 Qatar 17 November 2016 Operational effect**
Supplemented by MoU of 2022*
Undergoing treaty process
80 Romania 3 April 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
81 Russian Federation 11 July 1994 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2004*
Link to treaty with Russian Federation
82 Rwanda 10 December 2018 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
83 Samoa 11 August 2000 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2022
Link to treaty with Samoa
84 Saudi Arabia 27 April 2017 Operational effect**
Supplemented by RoD of 2016
Undergoing treaty process
85 Serbia 14 May 2013 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2011
Link to treaty with Serbia
86 Seychelles Initialled 5 December 2017 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoU of 2017**
Undergoing treaty process
87 Singapore 3 November 1967 In force
Supplemented by CMU of 2003*
Link to treaty with Singapore
88 Solomon Islands 21 August 2012 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoU of 2011
Link to treaty with Solomon Islands
89 South Africa 18 July 1995 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2015** and 2008
Link to treaty with South Africa
90 Spain 24 June 2009 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2007
Link to treaty with Spain
91 Sri Lanka 3 May 2012 In force
Supplemented by RoD of 2018 and MoU of 2007
Link to treaty with Sri Lanka
92 Sudan 8 December 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
93 Sweden Initialled 13 December 2018 Operational effect**
Supplemented by RoD of 2018* and Agreed Minute of 1998
Undergoing treaty process
94 Switzerland 28 November 2008 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2012*
Link to treaty with Switzerland
95 Taiwan 25 March 1994 Operational effect Less than treaty status
96 Thailand 3 August 2017 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2012
Link to treaty with Thailand
97 Timor-Leste 26 May 2017 In force
Supplemented by Agreed Minute of 2021
Link to treaty with Timor-Leste
98 Tonga 23 August 2003 In force
Supplemented by EoL of 2022
Link to treaty with Tonga
99 Turkey 28 April 2010 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2016 and 2010*
Link to treaty with Turkey
100 Uganda 19 November 2014 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
101 United Arab Emirates 8 September 2002 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2016*
Link to treaty with United Arab Emirates
102 United Kingdom 10 July 2008 In force
Supplemented by MoUs of 2022 and 2019**
Link to treaty with United Kingdom
103 United States of America 31 March 2008 In force Link to treaty with United States of America
104 Uruguay 11 December 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
105 Vanuatu 2 July 2013 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2010*
Link to treaty with Vanuatu
106 Vietnam 31 July 1995 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2020 and 2012*
Link to treaty with Vietnam
107 Yemen 10 December 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
108 Zambia 21 October 2011 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
109 Zimbabwe Initialled 5 May 1998 Operational effect**
Supplemented by MoU of 1998
Undergoing treaty process

* Contains amendments subsequently negotiated and given operational effect on a non-legally binding basis by aeronautical authorities through arrangements of less than treaty status, but not yet brought into force and hence not yet included in the Treaties Database.
** A new or replacement treaty given operational effect on a non-legally binding basis by aeronautical authorities through arrangements of less than treaty status, but not yet brought into force and hence not yet included in the Treaties Database.
MoU—Memorandum of Understanding
RoD—Record of Discussion
CMU—Confidential Memorandum of Understanding
EoL—Exchange of Letters

Disclaimer

The attached documents are internal working documents of the department generated for the purpose of in-house use. This document may only be used as a guide to rights granted, and services operated, under Australia's bilateral air services agreements and arrangements. Rights and capacity negotiated under Australia's bilateral air services agreement and arrangements are reviewed constantly and airlines frequently change their operations. Due to the summary nature of details in this document the Commonwealth accepts no responsibility for the accuracy or currency of the information provided. There should be no expectation that the rights, timetable summary and capacity information provided is authoritative or may be relied on and persons should rely on their own inquiries.