Australia’s transport emissions
Australia’s transport sector is the third largest source of Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions, amounting to 21% of national emissions in 2023. Since 2005, transport sector greenhouse gas emissions have increased by 19% and are currently projected to be the largest in Australia by 2030.
Reducing emissions in the transport sector through low carbon and renewable energy sources will require concerted action across Government and industry to secure long lasting benefits, while managing and minimising the impacts of the transition.
What is the Government doing?
We are committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 43% below 2005 levels by 2030 and achieving net zero emissions by 2050.
The Government is already decarbonising the transport sector by:
- increasing the uptake of electric vehicles and developing a Fuel Efficiency Standard through the National Electric Vehicle Strategy
- improving consumer information including real world emissions testing
- promoting sustainable fuels and other emerging technologies for aviation and maritime
- developing a Maritime Emissions Reduction National Action Plan
- chairing the Australian Jet Zero Council that will work with the aviation industry to ensure a strong and sustainable aviation sector that supports emissions reduction targets, while growing jobs and innovation
- engaging with international partners to reduce shipping emissions.
To plan for the future, the Government is developing a Transport and Infrastructure Net Zero Roadmap and Action Plan to support reducing transport emissions. The Roadmap and Action Plan will provide a clear strategy to:
- reduce emissions across the transport and infrastructure sectors
- support national and international commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
- maximise on economic and productivity opportunities
- provide investors with future investment certainty
- deliver a nationally consolidated approach to accelerate decarbonisation for key sectors.
It will examine the potential pathways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050 across all transport modes (road, aviation, maritime and rail), freight and supply chains, active transport planning, and supporting infrastructure.