Heavy Vehicle Regulation

On 10 February 2014, the Heavy Vehicle National Law, covering all heavy vehicles over 4.5 tonnes, commenced in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). The law covers matters relating to vehicle standards, mass dimensions and loadings, fatigue management, the Intelligent Access Program, heavy vehicle accreditation and on-road enforcement. The ACT has partially implemented the legislation and will proclaim remaining elements of the legislation at a later date. Western Australia and the Northern Territory are not participating in the national reform at this time.

The law is administered by the Brisbane-based National Heavy Vehicle Regulator. The Regulator, in conjunction with the National Transport Commission, continues to progress national heavy vehicle reforms through its forward work program.

Review of Oversize and Overmass (OSOM) Vehicle Arrangements—first recommendations identified for implementation

On 6 April 2019 the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Development, the Hon Michael McCormack MP announced state and territory transport Ministers agreed for 12 of the recommendations from the OSOM Review to be implemented.

These 12 recommendations have been prioritised for short-term implementation, with the agreed implementation approach and status listed in the following table.

Rec No.Lead agencyRecommendationAgreed approachAs at 26 November 2019
1 Commonwealth Transport and Infrastructure Council (Council) agree that improving safe and timely OSOM access is a national priority, and agree to urgently implement measures to facilitate safe and productive access. The Department of Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities (the Department) to update Transport and Infrastructure Council priorities to include OSOM access. Completed
2 Commonwealth Council agree to direct the Department to work collaboratively with relevant partners to prepare a program of implementation and ongoing monitoring. The Department to develop Transport and Infrastructure Council reporting framework. Completed
5 NHVR The National Heavy Vehicle Regulator (NHVR) introduce a new communication policy that allows for transport operators to speak to case managers, or equivalent, to clarify questions and progress their application. NHVR to develop revised access permit communication policy. Completed. New policy issued by the NHVR in August 2019.
9 Queensland Council agree to consistent permit durations for period permit to 12 months. States to make system/process changes to allow 12 month period permit. Completed. On 27 June 2019, Queensland Minister for Transport and Main Roads, the Hon Mark Bailey, announced permit durations for Class 1 OSOM vehicles will be extended to 12 months.
10 NHVR Council agree NHVR deliver the National Class 1 Agricultural Vehicle and Combination Notice with three zones throughout each jurisdiction, within six months. Heavy Vehicle National Law (HVNL) jurisdictions and local governments to deliver Class 1 Notice with 5 zones nationally. Completed. The NHVR issued the National Class 1 Agricultural Vehicle and Combination Notice on 30 April 2019.
13 NHVR The Approved Guidelines for Granting Access is fully reinstated with the guiding principles a key feature in access decisions. NHVR to develop revised Access Guidelines (as appropriate). Completed. The Approved Guidelines for Granting Access were updated on 14 November 2019.https://www.nhvr.gov.au/road-access/local-government-road-managers/guidelines-for-granting-access
22 NHVR
NSW
All permits have an automatic empty return trip attached as a condition of permit, which do not require a new assessment. NHVR and relevant jurisdictions implement system change to allow applicant to register return trip (separate permit assessment not required). Completed
27 NHVR This Review recommends NHVR maintains a feature list for improvements to the NHVR Portal and prioritises and implements features in a timely manner. This review recommends the feature list include the following:
  1. Introducing business rules on the application page to capture mistakes or out of range values.
  2. Preload information capability, including:
    1. Vehicle configurations and details.
    2. Previously applied for permits with routes and configurations.
    3. Transport operator details.
    4. Reference previous applications with similar routes or configurations.
    5. Link permits – including project specific movement with multiple movements of the same type or route.
  3. Flexibility to:
    1. Make minor changes or amendments to the application without rejection resubmitting a new application.
List multiple prime movers or trailers on permits to allow flexibility.
NHVR to action. In progress. The NHVR is continually improving the portal. For example, the NHVR recently introduced auto‑issuance of permit applications, which is reducing the time taken to process and issue permits.
32 NHVR Council agree a project team be set up within NHVR to investigate possible technology solutions for the better management of movement data. NHVR to action — within 3 months. Completed.
34g NHVR NHVR to replicate the Local Government Association of Queensland model for funding Heavy Vehicle Access Liaison Officers, to work with Local Government to deliver proactive approaches for OSOM access NHVR to action within 12 months. In progress. The South Australian Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure (DPTI) is working with the Local Government Association of South Australia and the NHVR to progress this recommendation. The NHVR is progressing discussions with other agencies.
34j NHVR NHVR to work with road managers to identify pinch points in their network, NHVR to consolidate this information into their Portal and Mapping tools. NHVR to action within 12 months. In progress. The NHVR is continually updating the functionality of its route planner. In addition, the 2019-20 Budget allocated $8.0 million over two years to the NHVR to fund engineering assessments for local government owned road network infrastructure, and to build an asset collection database.
37 Commonwealth Council agree the following recommendations be included into the National Transport Commission’s (NTC) Review of the Heavy Vehicle National Law (HVNL):
  1. Section 156 of the HVNL is reviewed, with prescribed time limits more appropriately structured.
  2. Review and harmonise the definition of ‘indivisible’, to deliver consistency across jurisdictions.
  3. Section 661 of the HVNL be reviewed and changed to provide a trigger clause for the NHVR to manage when there is no response from Road Managers for consent.
  4. Section 158 of the HVNL is reviewed to appropriately recognise third parties and make improvements to streamline the consenting process.
NTC to incorporate recommendations into Review of the Heavy Vehicle National Law. Completed
38 Commonwealth Council agree that all relevant policy and regulatory agencies commit to identifying and highlighting best practice, to deliver 48‑hour (on average) OSOM turnaround time by 2021. Completed, agreement obtained.

Review of Oversize and Overmass (OSOM) Vehicle Arrangements—second tranche of recommendations identified for implementation

On 2 August 2019, the Transport and Industry Council (the Council) agreed to an additional tranche of OSOM recommendations for implementation. The OSOM Working Group will now progress these recommendations.

If you would like to put forward any views on the implementation of these recommendations, or on other recommendations that should be prioritised, please send an email to osomreview@infrastructure.gov.au

Rec No.RecommendationUpdate
3 Council agree to reduce permit volumes by 30 per cent by 2020, through pre‑approvals, notices or gazettal. The NHVR and jurisdictions will continue to develop pre-approvals and notices to reduce permit volumes as opportunities arise, noting that volumes will be driven by outside factors such as economic conditions.
7 NHVR to work with states, territories and local government to introduce a project‑specific permit, which allows for multiple movements and configurations for the same application. NHVR and jurisdictions encourage the managers of major projects or tasks that involve large volumes of heavy vehicle movements, such as wind farms, to advise of their freight movement requirements with a view to developing an appropriate instrument of access.

For example, South Australia provided approval for oversize (40m long x 6.6m high) accommodation buildings to be transported using a type 1 road train configuration to reduce the number of vehicle movements to 30 (60 buildings were transported).

South Australia is also currently working with BHP to understand transport requirements for the future expansion of BHP Olympic Dam site in the north of the state. The project specific permit will be utilised to provide efficiencies to BHP and transport contractors.
16 Council agree the publication and systemic use of the Vehicle Limits Manual. This Manual to be published on jurisdictional websites by end of 2018. The Vehicle Limits Manual (VLM) is specific to Queensland, based on the 1985 NAASRA Review of Road Vehicle Limits Study, and is currently under review. The Queensland Government will consider publishing the VLM after that review process is complete.

The 1985 NAASRA Study is publicly available and utilised by jurisdictions to assist with determining infrastructure load limits.

The Austroads project, Review of mass limits for class 1 load carrying and special purpose restricted access vehicles, commenced on 2 August 2019 and will update the NAASRA manual and guide jurisdictions into the future when determining access to the road network.
20 Council to agree that NHVR works with Austroads to refine the proposed OSOM envelopes to establish infrastructure bridge loading limits in the standards. See recommendation 21.

In addition, the NHVR was allocated $8.0 million in the 2019-20 Budget to fund engineering assessments for local government owned road network infrastructure, and to build an asset information collection database, which will contribute toward this recommendation being implemented. Austroads is undertaking a relevant project, Investigation and Development of Bridge Formulae for Inclusion in the Performance-Based Standards Network Classification Guidelines, which is scheduled for completion in February 2020.
21 Council agree an envelope approach is taken for low‑risk OSOM vehicles, with NHVR and road managers to agree a common envelope within six months. Through the increasing use of Notices, the NHVR and jurisdictions are effectively progressing envelope approaches for OSOM vehicles, such as the network maps produced by jurisdictions.
25 Council agree harmonisation for dimensions and requirements across jurisdictions through the Multi-State Class 1 Load Carrying Vehicles Dimension Exemption Notice 2016, within 12 months. The NHVR, States and Territories are working to reduce inconsistencies including improvements to rear overhang, widths and heights.
28 NHVR undertake a project of data cleansing and working on the data quality of the NHVR Portal. This Review recommends NHVR lead a project to work with Road Managers to encourage data sharing to increase overall transparency, this will lead to increased confidence in the data that may assist and allow further routes to be approved including targeting of network pinch points. The NHVR is constantly working to improve the quality of the NHVR portal, including better sharing of data with local road managers.
29 NHVR to support transport operators to use state/territory road manager mapping tool to journey plan, with the NHVR Journey Planner used only to identify affected road managers. The NHVR has replaced the Journey Planner with a new Route Planner. NHVR is continuing to enhance the Route Planner to make it easier for road managers and industry.
30 NHVR to:
  1. Progress internal project to incorporate all mapping data from state Road Manager’s mapping tools into the Journey Planner.
  2. Work with relevant state/territory road managers to automate collection and storage of current infrastructure capability.
See recommendation 29. In addition, the NHVR has established a Spatial Strategy to support improvements to the Route Planner.
35 NHVR to initiate an education program to work with road managers to ensure the Guidelines are used consistently. The NHVR and jurisdictions work to assist road managers by providing a range of education material and tools. Austroads has commenced a project, Decision making framework and tools for road freight access decisions, which will support road managers in making access decisions.

Review of Oversize Overmass Vehicle Access Arrangements

The Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Development, the Hon Michael McCormack MP, announced on 29 July 2018 the Australian Government would fund an independent review. Consultancy firm, WSP Australia, undertook the review and were assisted by a three-member industry expert reference group.

The Terms of Reference DOCX: 20 KB PDF: 341 KB ReadSpeaker set out the scope of the review.

On 9 November 2018, the Transport and Infrastructure Council agreed to the release of the independent Review of Oversize Overmass Vehicle Access Arrangements Report PDF: 4114 KB ReadSpeaker. There are 38 recommendations in the Report covering a wide range of OSOM issues. The extensive number of recommendations reflect the complexity of OSOM vehicle access, the considerable stakeholder engagement (with over 60 separate entities engaged during the preparation of the Report), and the need for a comprehensive suite of solutions to improve the system.

The Report has been published without appendices as they contain sensitive and commercial-in-confidence material.

History of Heavy Vehicle Regulatory Reform

In July 2009 the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) agreed that a single national heavy vehicle regulatory regime be established to cover all vehicles over 4.5 gross tonnes. COAG agreed that the national regime include a single national regulator to administer a single set of national heavy vehicle laws replacing the separate and at times conflicting regulatory requirements on the heavy vehicle industry between states and territories.

In August 2011 an Intergovernmental Agreement on Heavy Vehicle Regulatory Reform was signed by COAG (except Western Australia) setting out the principles and processes to implement the decision to deliver a national heavy vehicle regulatory system. The signing of this agreement recognises that the Commonwealth and the states and territories have a mutual interest in improving national regulation and the need to work together to achieve these outcomes.

In November 2011 the Heavy Vehicle National Law Act 2012 was approved by the Ministerial Council on Transport and Infrastructure and was passed by the Queensland Parliament in August 2012.

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Last Updated: 26 November, 2019