Part X of the Competition and Consumer ACT 2010

Part X (ten) of the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (the Act) regulates international liner shipping of cargo travelling either to or from Australia. Liner shipping is generally defined as shipping services operating on a regular trade route, with predetermined and publicly advertised schedules between advertised ports of call.

The main objective of Part X is to ensure that exporters have continued access to outwards liner cargo shipping services of adequate frequency and reliability at freight rates that are internationally competitive. Importers are also covered by Part X but to a more limited extent than exporters.

Part X sets up a system for regulating international liner cargo shipping services, which includes:

  • Registration of conference agreements: Liner shipping companies proposing to make an agreement with another shipping company are required to register the agreements;
  • Regulation of non-conference ocean carriers with substantial market power: Ocean carriers with a major market share of a trade area are required to be registered;
  • Regulation of unfair pricing practices: The Minister may order a liner shipping company not to engage in unfair pricing practices; and
  • Registration of agents of ocean carriers: Ocean carriers are required to register an Australian agent.

The parties to a conference agreement are required to negotiate with, and provide information to, representative shipper bodies who are registered under Part X. If the conference agreement is registered, the parties will be given partial and conditional exemptions from cartel conduct, contracts that restrict dealings or affect competition and exclusive dealings.

The Minister has a range of enforcement powers in relation to Part X. Civil or criminal penalties may apply for failure to register correctly under Part X and for undertaking anti-competitive behaviour.

The information provided on this website should be used as guidance material only. Shipping lines involved in international liner shipping should refer directly to the Act and Regulations. It is recommended that independent legal advice be sought. The Registrar of Liner Shipping may be contacted for guidance.

Key references

Contact for Registrar of Liner Shipping

Phone (within Australia): 1800 005 221
Phone (from outside Australia): +61 2 6274 7083
GPO BOX 594, Canberra, ACT, 2601

Privacy Impact Assessment

On 1 July 2018 the Privacy (Australian Government Agencies – Governance) Australian Privacy Principle (APP) Code 2017 formally came into effect. Under the APP Code, an agency must also regularly review and update its privacy practices, procedures and systems to ensure their currency and adequacy for the purposes of compliance with the APPs. More information on the APP Code can be found at

The Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Cities and Regional Development (the Department) has identified that a PIA is necessary for Part X. We are seeking your comments on the draft Part X PIA DOC: 192 KB PDF: 700 KB.

Can you please provide your comments by COB 15 July 2019 via email

To assist in your advice to the Department, please consider the Australian Privacy Principles 5 Notice DOC: 15 KB PDF: 520 KB


Last Updated: 9 July, 2019