Defence: Regional Australia—A Stronger Economy Delivering Stronger Regions 2018–19

The Department of Defence (Defence) and the Australian Defence Force (ADF) make a significant contribution to the development of regional Australia.

The Defence regional workforce develops significant partnerships with local communities, business and government. As at 1 March 2018, the total number of Defence personnel in regional centres across Australia was 26,986. The regional workforce equates to 27 per cent of the total 99,058 Defence personnel.

The Defence estate consists of 400 properties and 351 leases including bases (72 major bases), training areas and ranges, research facilities and office accommodation. Figure 1 depicts the Defence footprint across Australia.

The construction and presence of Defence facilities in regional areas has significant flow-on effects to local economies through increased business to local suppliers and service providers. Defence recognises that there are clear benefits to drawing support from local contractors and suppliers, where there is the capacity and capability available in the local market. The Defence footprint also provides considerable economic, social and environmental support to regional communities through employment, industry, community involvement, childcare facilities, housing, training activities, cooperation on heritage issues and the economic activity of Defence members and their families.

Defence supports regional communities through a range of programs including various Defence Community Organisation programs that build the capacity of local communities to provide support services to Defence member families. These programs include financial support to not-for-profit organisations providing local services for Defence families, support to schools to provide additional activities for Defence children, Defence managed child care centres and support for Defence partners seeking employment opportunities in new locations.

Figure 1: Location of major Defence facilities across Australia

Title: Figure 1 Location of major Defence facilities across Australia—Description: Estate and Infrastructure Group Zones with map of Australia.

Current Initiatives

Australian-Singapore Comprehensive Strategic Partnership—Military Training and Training Area Development in Australia

The Joint Agreement on a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership between Australia and Singapore announced that the two governments would jointly develop training areas and facilities in Australia. The Memorandum of Understanding allows for up to 14,000 Singapore Armed Forces personnel to undertake unilateral training on Australian Defence training areas for up to 18 weeks annually once the initiative is in a mature state.

The initiative will see the delivery of enhanced military training areas in Central and North Queensland, which will benefit the Australian Defence Force, provide significant local economic opportunities, and enhance Australia’s bilateral defence relationship with Singapore.

The Singapore Government will provide $2.25 billion to implement the initiative, which will result in an estimated $50 million spent in Queensland annually during the construction phase. Construction will occur in Central and North Queensland in parallel from 2019.

United States Force Posture Initiatives

The governments of Australia and the United States are implementing the 25 year Force Posture Agreement, which provides a framework for how the two nations will collaborate on force posture initiatives. The Agreement covers two initiatives which will provide strategic benefits for the Australia-United States Alliance and economic benefits for Northern Australia:

  • Marine Rotational Force—Darwin: this initiative consists of annual rotations of United States Marines and accompanying equipment and vehicles through Northern Australia.
  • Enhanced Air Cooperation: under this initiative there will be increased short-term rotations of United States aircraft through Northern Australia.

Approximately $2 billion is being invested to expand and upgrade Defence infrastructure and facilities in Northern Australia. Both the United States and Australian Governments have committed to a package of infrastructure and facilities works concentrated at Robertson Barracks, RAAF Base Darwin, RAAF Base Tindal and training areas across the Northern Territory. Subject to national and bilateral approvals, construction is expected to start in 2018-19 and continue through to the mid‑2020s. The United States and Australian Governments will fund required works separately.

Defence Assistance to the Civil Community

Defence Assistance to the Civil Community is the mechanism by which Defence provides both emergency and non-emergency support to the civilian community. Where the scale of the emergency or disaster exceeds or exhausts the response capacity and capabilities of a state or territory, or where resources cannot be mobilised in time, Australian Government assistance may be sought through Emergency Management Australia, including from the Australian Defence Force.

Emergency Defence Assistance to the Civil Community provides support where immediate action is necessary to save human life or alleviate suffering, prevent widespread loss or damage to property, or prevent extensive loss of animal life. Examples of recent Defence Assistance to the Civil Community include support to state and local services for natural disasters such as Cyclone Debbie in 2017, which caused significant damage and flooding in regional Queensland, and bushfires in the Hunter Valley region in 2018.

Defence Community Organisation

Defence is committed to building the capacity of local urban and regional communities to provide support services to Defence member families.

Defence, via the Defence Community Organisation, delivers community capacity building outcomes through:

  • building strategic partnerships with service delivery organisations at local, state and national levels
  • a range of online and community based networking events, workshops, programs and services
  • working in collaboration with local agencies to develop initiatives to address gaps and limitations in community resources that Defence member families may require
  • providing personalised advice and ongoing communication to Defence member families on available community resources and actively linking families to the resources they require.

The Defence Community Organisation has offices in the following locations:

  • Brisbane, Townsville, Amberley, Darling Downs and Cairns (QLD)
  • Sydney, Williamtown, Holsworthy, Wagga Wagga, Nowra, Richmond, Singleton and Albury (NSW)
  • Canberra (ACT)
  • Melbourne, East Sale, Cerberus and Puckapunyal (VIC)
  • Darwin and Tindal (NT)
  • Rockingham, Leeuwin Barracks and Pearce (WA)
  • Adelaide (SA)
  • Hobart (TAS).

The Defence Community Organisation fosters community linkages through programs such as:

  • Australian Defence Force (ADF) Transition Support Services (coordinated by the Defence Community Organisation) work with ADF members and their families transitioning from the ADF and provide information on educational, financial, rehabilitation, compensation and other government services to facilitate sound transition planning. ADF Transition Support Services are delivered through 13 ADF Transition Centres nationally.
  • Defence Childcare Program provides 17 childcare centres and three out‑of­school hours childcare centres nationally.
  • Defence School Transition Aide Program minimises the impact of mobility on Defence children’s education. The Defence Community Organisation supports 229 schools and over 12,500 Defence children nationally.
  • Community Support Coordinator Program supports 27 paid Defence Community Centre Coordinators nationally.
  • Family Support Funding Program supports 51 incorporated not-for-profit community based organisations.

Indigenous Engagement

Indigenous Recruitment

Defence has extensive engagement with Indigenous communities in remote, urban and regional Australia. In addition to direct entry into Defence employment, Defence offers a range of pathway programs for Indigenous Australians seeking a career in Defence as an Australian Defence Force (ADF) member or Australian Public Service (APS) employee.

Navy and Army Indigenous Development Programs—these programs focus on language, literacy, and numeracy training; military skills; physical fitness; vocational education and training, cultural appreciation; leadership and character development. The programs provide Indigenous Australians from all regions an opportunity for a Defence career. Programs are conducted up to a six-month period in Cairns (QLD), Batchelor (NT) and Kapooka (NSW).

The Indigenous Pre Recruit Program—this program is aimed at Indigenous Australians who meet the current general entry recruiting standards for medical, education and aptitude, however need to develop their confidence, resilience and/or improve their physical fitness to enable them to succeed during recruitment and initial employment training. In 2018, the six-week program will be conducted at the Army Recruit Training Centre, Kapooka (NSW), Her Majesty’s Australian Ship Cerberus (VIC) and Royal Australian Air Force Base Wagga Wagga (NSW). Indigenous Australians from all over Australia can participate.

Army’s Regional Force Surveillance Group (responsible for the provision of ‘situational awareness and understanding on prescribed threats to Australia’s national interest through the conduct of remote area, land and littoral, reconnaissance and surveillance operations; community engagement; and support to whole-of-government initiatives’)—contributes positively to Indigenous Engagement & Development in the North and North West of Australia via:

  • the provision of meaningful employment opportunities within the Regional Force Surveillance Units, enabling Indigenous Australians to contribute to the protection of the nation and their traditional lands
  • access to ongoing training, education and development to support career opportunities and personal growth both within Army and the community (for Part-Time members)
  • delivery of the Army Indigenous Development Program Northern Territory by Indigenous Development Wing as a pathway program supporting full‑time career opportunities in Army
  • delivery of the Regional Force Surveillance Unit Education & Development Course by Indigenous Development Wing as a pathway program supporting part-time career opportunities in the Regional Force Surveillance Units via the Regional Force Surveillance List
  • community Engagement and liaison in support of Defence, Army and whole-of-government initiatives.

Air Force Indigenous Reserves—the Air Force recruited eight Indigenous Reserve members from local Indigenous communities into the Woomera Test Range Compliance Monitoring Team in South Australia in 2017. In order to recruit more members of local Indigenous communities to work with Air Force in location, Air Force will look to use this approach in 2018-19 for the Delamere Air Weapons Range in the Northern Territory, and also in East Sale, Victoria.

Specialist Recruiting Team—Indigenous—Defence Force Recruiting has 15 ADF members in a Specialist Recruiting Team—Indigenous. This team mentors Indigenous candidates and engages with Indigenous community leaders and members in order to promote the ADF as an attractive employer for Indigenous candidates. Members of the Specialist Recruiting Team—Indigenous are located in most capital cities as well as Townsville, Cairns, Newcastle and Wollongong.

Australian Public Service Indigenous Traineeships and Apprenticeships - offer Indigenous Australians entry-level APS employment. Defence endeavours to employ Indigenous trainees and apprentices in their current location, or in close proximity, where Defence localities and operational requirements allow.

Engagement with Indigenous Communities

Defence has established or contributes to a number of other programs that engage with regional Indigenous communities:

  • The Navy, Army and Air Force have established and filled Regional Indigenous Liaison Officer roles in each state or territory assisting commanders to better understand and engage with local Indigenous communities throughout Australia.
  • Since 1997, the Army has delivered a range of housing, infrastructure, essential services (power, water and sewerage) and other benefits to selected remote Indigenous communities through the Army Aboriginal Community Assistance Program (AACAP). The aim of the program is to improve the primary health, environmental health and living conditions of Aboriginal people. Over the past 20 years, AACAP has been delivered to 42 communities. The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet and the Australian Army have undertaken a review of the program to examine the objectives and outcomes with a view to broadening the benefits of the program. The review was completed in June 2017 and endorsed by the Minister for Indigenous Affairs in November 2017. AACAP 2018 will be held in Yalata, South Australia.
  • Under Exercise Kummundoo, Air Force’s Combat Support Group provides dental specialists to serve for several weeks within remote communities in order to provide dental services. The Exercise is a collaboration between Air Force and the National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation. The program will be run again in September 2018.
  • The Jawun Program operates in nine regions around Australia, including urban, regional and remote Indigenous communities. This program adopts a partnership model across different sectors and emphasises working with Indigenous people, rather than simply providing services. The program matches individuals skill sets (within corporations and government) with the needs of an Indigenous community or organisation throughout Australia. Project work is allocated based on this need and is completed over a six-week placement working with the Indigenous community or organisation. Defence has been a participant of Jawun since 2012. To date, 69 Defence employees have participated across various locations.
  • The Defence Work Experience Program hosted 234 Indigenous Australians in Defence work experience activities in 2017-18 across Australia, with the majority in Western Australia, Northern Territory and North Queensland. Defence will continue to offer such opportunities this year, including the Air Force Indigenous Youth Program being conducted at Royal Australian Air Force Base Williamtown, and Royal Australian Air Force Base Richmond, New South Wales, for up to 30 secondary school students, an Indigenous-specific program in Townsville, Queensland and continued activities with students linked to Indigenous organisations such as the Clontarf Foundation and the Girls Academy.

These programs contribute to positive outcomes for Indigenous Australians, predominantly through adult employment. They are aimed at increasing enlistment and participation rates into the ADF and the APS by assisting Indigenous applicants and candidates to transition into full and part-time employment. There is also a recognised benefit to both program participants and communities, when participants return to their community with the skills and knowledge to become leaders and role models.

Engaging People with Disability—Defence Administrative Assistance Program; Inclusive Employment Program and Dandelion @ Defence

Defence has built strong partnerships with Australian Disability Enterprises and Disability Employment Services Providers to support Defence disability employment programs. Defence offers a range of entry level employment programs for people with intellectual disabilities, aimed at enhancing Defence capability and directly contributing to Defence' s cultural reform efforts.

  • Defence Administrative Assistance Program supports regional communities through partnerships with local Australian Disability Enterprises to provide people with intellectual disability the opportunity to engage in meaningful work. This program operates at the following sites: RAAF Base Amberley, Gallipoli Barracks Enoggera and Lavarack Barracks Townsville (QLD); HMAS Stirling (WA); Holsworthy Barracks (NSW); Victoria Barracks, Melbourne (VIC); RAAF Base Edinburgh (SA); and Robertson Barracks, Darwin, (NT). Since 2016, 99 participants have been engaged under the Program.
  • Inclusive Employment Program increases the participation of people with disabilities in the ongoing Defence Australian Public Service workforce. This program creates a pathway for people with intellectual disability to begin their work journey and build a career in Defence. Since 2014, 19 individuals have been recruited into the organisation on an ongoing basis.
  • Dandelion@Defence Program—employs high-functioning individuals diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Defence currently employs nine individuals who have a remarkable eye for detail, accuracy and consistency, a logical and analytical approach to detecting irregularities, pattern matching skills and a high tolerance for repetitive mental tasks—all of which are crucial skills in handling real world cyber security operations.

Defence seeks to be an employer of choice for all Australians through the creation of an inclusive workplace for people with disability. By increasing the representation of people with disability and encouraging a greater level of participation in Defence we are building an organisation where diversity is respected and valued.

Defence Force Recruiting Support to Regional Australia

The Defence regional footprint includes a number of Defence Force Recruitment Centres in the following locations:

  • Newcastle, Wollongong and Albury (NSW)
  • Cairns, Robina (Gold Coast), Maroochydore, Toowoomba and Townsville (QLD).

These recruitment centres are in addition to the Defence Force Recruitment Centres established in capital cities.

Defence Industry Development

Australia's defence industry plays a vital role in supporting Defence and delivering leading edge technologies and capabilities required to generate and sustain the future force. Established in 2016, the Centre for Defence Industry Capability (CDIC) is a $23 million a year initiative that provides advisory and facilitation services and grants to eligible small and medium enterprises (SMEs) across Australia to assist them to be better positioned to support Defence.

Currently, the CDIC is delivering a national program of ‘Introduction to the Defence Market’ seminars in all capital cities and regional centres to provide information to businesses that are seeking opportunities in defence markets.

The recently released Defence Export Strategy provides strong support to increase defence exports and maintain and grow employment in the defence industry sector. The Strategy includes $4.1 million in additional funding to support businesses of all shapes and sizes across Australia to increase their export competitiveness.

The Next Generation Technologies Fund also includes a range of opportunities for small and medium enterprises, including the Small Business Innovation Research for Defence initiative.

The Australian Industry Capability (AIC) Program is the major lever for Australian industry involvement in supporting defence capability and applies to every materiel procurement of $20 million and above. The AIC has been strengthened with tenderers now required to more explicitly demonstrate how they have maximised opportunities for Australian industry as part of their proposed capability solution and what value add work is proposed to be undertaken in Australia.

Defence is piloting a new requirement for a Local Industry Capability Plan on six major capital facilities projects. Under the pilot, tenderers for major capital facilities projects must develop a local industry capability plan that outlines how local industry will be engaged under the proposed tender, including how the proposed work will be undertaken by local industry. The results of this pilot will inform the development of a Defence Industry Participation Policy, which will be released in the first half of 2018. The policy will provide a more consistent approach to maximising Australian and local industry involvement in Defence procurement of $4 million and above.

In April 2018, the Australian Government released the Defence Industrial Capability Plan which outlines the Australian Government’s ten-year vision and plan for growing the defence industry, including identifying our Sovereign Industrial Capability Priorities. Defence will also release a Defence Industry Skilling and Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Strategy to match demand for defence industry capability with the workforce and skills required.

The Defence Innovation Hub was launched on 5 December 2016 as part of the Government’s $1.6 billion investment in Defence innovation to build the innovation capabilities of Australian industry and research organisations, and to deliver innovative solutions for Defence capability. Funded at $640 million over the decade, the Defence Innovation Hub manages a portfolio of Defence innovation investments. It brings together Defence, industry, academia and research institutions from across Australia and New Zealand to collaborate on innovative technologies that can be developed into advanced capability for Defence.

The Defence Innovation Hub has awarded three innovation contracts totalling over $3.0 million with organisations based in regional Australia:

Organisation & LocationContract DescriptionContract Value
University of Newcastle (Newcastle, New South Wales) To explore the development of enhanced resilience training for Australian Defence Force personnel through a set of virtual reality based training sessions involving controlled exposure to adverse environments. $2.2 million
Armor Composite Engineering (Newcastle, New South Wales) To explore the development of a body armour system that could be used by Australian Defence Force personnel in close protection roles. $618,000
Trang Imagineering (Orange, New South Wales) To explore the development of three-dimensional (3D) sensors that have been used in the mining industry for potential use by the Australian Defence Force for threat monitoring in conflict zones. $218,000

Management of Per-and Poly-Fluorinated Alkyl Substances (PFAS) at Defence Bases

Defence will continue to implement a program of PFAS environmental investigations at 23 Defence establishments across Australia to:

  • better understand the nature and extent of PFAS contamination originating from Defence establishments
  • provide communities with information on investigation outcomes and management responses which support these affected communities to live in a manner consistent with the health advice.

Defence will also continue to provide affected residents with alternative sources of drinking water as a precautionary measure. To manage the extent and nature of contamination, Defence will establish a drinking water program in communities surrounding  Army Aviation Centre Oakey and RAAF Bases Williamtown, Tindal and Pearce. These treatment activities will assist in mitigating the impact of PFAS contamination in the surrounding communities. Additionally, Defence will continue to work with Australian industry to identify effective remediation technologies to treat contaminated water and soils at its investigation sites.

The Government has also committed to funding a research program to be led by the Australian Research Council to identify innovative technologies to treat PFAS contamination.

Environmental Management Policies

Defence environmental management policies support regional communities through:

  • promoting sustainable environmental management at Defence facilities
  • contributing to relevant regional environmental initiatives.

The 2016-2036 Defence Environmental Strategy continues to support the Defence environmental vision to be a leader in sustainable environmental management. The environment and its ongoing sustainable management is a critical enabler to Australian Defence Force capability.

Defence has updated its suite of pollution prevention policy documents into a new Pollution Prevention Management Manual (PPMM) which is available from external Defence websites. The PPMM provides practical pollution prevention guidance for management of existing Defence estate infrastructure and activities to support regulatory compliance. A key element of the PPMM relates to management of Fire Fighting Foam. This aligns with Australian Standards for chemical management and other international guidelines for best practice firefighting foam management.

Defence has engaged the Australian Wildlife Conservancy in a trial partnership to improve the biodiversity management of the Yampi Sound Training Area in the West Kimberley through managing pests, weeds, bushfire and threatened species. Yampi Sound possesses outstanding conservation values as well as large and varied training environments for the Australian Defence Force. The Australian Wildlife Conservancy works in cooperation with the Dambimangari traditional owners and provides employment. This investment by Defence benefits the broader Australian community through supporting national biodiversity targets as well as benefiting the local community through increased economic activity.

Defence continually works to better integrate its bushfire management activities with those of the state and territory governments. Defence invested $14 million dollars in 2016-17 for bushfire mitigation activities including fuel reduction works to protect communities and the environment across Australia. In 2017, Defence entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with the New South Wales Rural Fire Service detailing how the agencies interact in mitigating and responding to bushfire emergencies. This includes mechanisms for the provision of airfield and other support services to the Rural Fire Service during a bushfire.

The newly launched Defence Estate Renewable Energy Program will provide alternate energy to support fixed electricity supplies for the Defence estate, and offer added energy security measures, such as access and supply.

Defence Housing Australia

Defence Housing Australia (DHA) provides housing and related services to members of the Australian Defence Force (ADF) and their families in accordance with the Defence Housing Australia Act 1987 and service agreements with Defence.

DHA has 20 offices that deliver customer services to ADF members and their families and investors. They are supported by four telephone contact centres that are the first point-of-contact for housing services, maintenance services and the allocation of on-base Living in Accommodation, as well as a head office in Canberra and an office in Sydney’s central business district. Thirteen DHA offices are located in regional Australia, four of which are on regional ADF bases for Defence personnel only. Two of DHA’s telephone contact centres are in regional Australia.

DHA manages approximately 18,800 properties worth $11 billion in all capital cities, major regional centres and some remote locations where the ADF has a presence. Approximately 30 per cent of these properties are located in regional and remote Australia.

DHA manages a multi-million dollar rolling capital program to meet its provisioning obligations to Defence and maintain the currency and quality of its property portfolio. DHA buys land, constructs properties and purchases and leases new and established properties, as required. DHA also provides on-base regional and remote housing services to Defence.

DHA has five residential development projects in progress in regional Australia. These projects are located in Newcastle (NSW), Sale (VIC), Ipswich and Townsville (QLD). The estimated value of the projects on completion is $520 million. Subject to receiving the necessary planning approvals, DHA will undertake a further five residential development projects in regional Australia. These projects are in Newcastle (NSW), Toowoomba (QLD), Hastings (VIC) and Rockingham (WA). The estimated value of the projects on completion is $337 million.

DHA also manages a multi-million dollar Defence-funded upgrade, construction and redevelopment program. DHA is managing six projects in regional Australia. They are located in Katherine (NT), Alice Springs (NT), Woonona (NSW), Port Wakefield (SA), East Sale (VIC) and Canungra (QLD). The estimated value of the projects on completion is $34 million.

DHA actively engages suitably qualified local businesses and tradespeople through tender processes to undertake construction and maintenance work. In doing so, DHA  contributes to and supports local economies and job creation.

Defence Base Service Contracts

Defence has a number of base service contracts that support the management of the Defence estate and the daily activities of Defence bases across Australia. Where services are delivered to bases located in regional and remote areas, the base services contractors generally draw their workforce from local employment areas as well as accessing local business suppliers. The services provided include estate maintenance, hospitality and catering, range and training area support, living accommodation and housekeeping, transport, access control, waste management services, land and environment management, pest and vermin management, firefighting, airfield operations and aircraft refuelling.

The Base Services Contractors are required to demonstrate a commitment to Indigenous employment, including the use of Indigenous business suppliers. Base services contractors must have a current Indigenous Training, Employment and Supplier Plan.

Cairns Marine Precinct Upgrade

The Australian Government has committed $24 million over three years from 2016-17 to 2018-19 to the Cairns Marine Precinct upgrade, to be implemented by 2020.

The Cairns Marine Precinct upgrade will modernise shipyards within the precinct and improve the capability and capacity of the existing maritime infrastructure to support marine maintenance and sustainment requirements, both Government and commercial.

Defence Infrastructure/ Estate Projects

The Australian Government is investing approximately $8.6 billion over four years from 2018-19 in facilities and infrastructure projects. Defence facilities and infrastructure investment are funded by the Defence Integrated Investment Program via Defence’s existing annual appropriation. Approved regional Major Capital Facilities projects include the following:

New Air Combat Capability (Air 6000 NACC)(various locations)

This $1,477.0 million project will provide new and upgraded facilities and infrastructure to support the introduction of the Joint Strike Fighter at RAAF Base Williamtown Newcastle (NSW) and RAAF Base Tindal, Katherine (NT) with support facilities and infrastructure provided at Defence Establishment Myambat (NSW) and seven Forward Operating Bases. The project is scheduled for completion by mid-2020.

Maritime Patrol Aircraft Replacement (AIR 7000 Phase 2B) (various locations)

This $707.9 million project will provide new and upgraded facilities and infrastructure to support the introduction of the P-8A aircraft at RAAF Base Edinburgh (SA), RAAF Base Townsville (QLD), RAAF Base Pearce (WA) and RAAF Base Darwin (NT) as well as additional explosive ordnance facilities at HMAS Stirling. The project is scheduled for completion by late 2020.

HMAS Cerberus Redevelopment (Victoria)

This $463.1 million project will provide engineering services upgrade, consolidation of Living In Accommodation and Mess Facilities, co-location of Clothing Store with Naval Store, School of Survivability and Ship Safety upgrade, Gym upgrade, Armoury, Explosive Ordnance and Weapons Storage Facility upgrade, and demolition. The project is scheduled for completion in 2025.

Air Traffic Control Complex Infrastructure Project and Fixed Base Defence Air Traffic Management Control System (AIR 5431 Phases 2 and 3) (various locations)

This $409.9 million project will provide facilities across 13 bases in support of replacement Air Traffic Management Surveillance, Command and Control Systems under AIR 5431 Phases 2 and 3, incorporating the replacement of aged and degraded Air Traffic Control Towers. The project is scheduled for completion by early 2023.

Battlefield Airlifter Facilities (AIR 8000 Phase 2) (Queensland)

This $370.4 million project will provide facilities at RAAF Base Amberley, Queensland, to accommodate and support the operation of the new C-27J Battlefield Airlifter (BFA) aircraft. The project is scheduled for completion by mid-2019.

HMAS Stirling Redevelopment Stage 3A (Western Australia)

This $366.8 million project will provide upgrades and refurbishment of existing critical shortfalls to infrastructure and facilities. The project is scheduled for completion by early 2020.

Growler Airborne Electronic Attack Capability Facilities (AIR 5349 Phase 3) (Queensland)

This $348.6 million project will provide the necessary working accommodation, maintenance, warehousing and training facilities at RAAF Base Amberley (QLD) to support the introduction of the Growler Airborne Electronic Attack Capability. The project is scheduled for completion by early 2021.

Pilot Training System Facilities (AIR 5428 Phase 1) (various locations)

The $329.8 million project will provide fit-for-purpose facilities to support the modern joint training system being delivered by AIR5428-1 Capability Project, with the facilities planned to be delivered at RAAF Base East Sale (VIC), RAAF Base Pearce and Gin Gin (WA), RAAF Base Williamtown (NSW), and RAAF Base Edinburgh (SA). The project is scheduled for completion in late 2020.

LAND 121 Stage 2 (Phases 3 and 4) (various locations)

This $276.5 million project will provide facilities across nine bases to sustain the B‑vehicle fleet in accordance with the Basis of Issue for Army, RAAF and Joint Logistics Command. These facilities will maintain (workshops and repair parts storage), support (fuel points, loading ramps, wash points and weight bridges) and sustain (shelters and hardstand) the vehicles from vehicles acquisition Phase 3A (G‑Wagon), Phase 3B (Light/Light Weight and Medium/Heavy) and Phase 4 (Protected Mobility Vehicles Light). The project is scheduled for completion by early 2020.

RAAF Base Williamtown Redevelopment Stage 2 (New South Wales)

This $274.0 million project will sustain and improve the functionality and capability of RAAF Base Williamtown (NSW), including upgrades or replacement of critical ageing infrastructure to meet future requirements. The project is scheduled for completion by late 2021.

Explosive Ordnance Logistics Reform Program (various locations)

This $230.9 million project will address explosive ordnance storage capacity shortfalls through delivery of new and enhanced explosive ordnance facilities at 12 Defence sites. The project is scheduled for completion by mid-2020.

C-17 Maintenance Facility, Aircraft Apron and Associated Infrastructure (AIR 8000 Phase 3) (Queensland)

This $219.4 million project will provide a maintenance facility, working accommodation, an aircraft apron and associated facilities at RAAF Base Amberley (QLD). This project is scheduled for completion by early 2019.

JP 157 Ph1 Replacement Aviation Refuelling Vehicles (various locations)

This $40.4 million project will provide new/upgraded facilities to support a new fleet of aviation refuelling vehicles to be procured by JP157 Phase 1 at 15 Defence sites. The Capability Acquisition and Sustainment Group project involves procurement of larger (semi-trailer), medium (rigid frame) and smaller hydrant cart tankers, for distribution across Australian Defence Force airfields nationally and to RMAF Butterworth. The project is scheduled for completion by late 2019.

Defence Terrestrial Communications Network Facilities Upgrade (JP 2047 Phase 3) (various locations)

This $131.1 million project will provide upgraded and new communications infrastructure and supporting facilities at multiple Defence owned and leased sites across Australia. The project will support the introduction into service of the new Defence Terrestrial Communication Network. The project is scheduled for completion by late 2018.

Airfield Capital Works (Curtin, Tindal and Townsville) (various locations)

This $95.3 million project will resurface asphalt pavement and replace airfield lighting at RAAF Base Curtin (WA), RAAF Base Tindal (NT) and RAAF Base Townsville (QLD). The project is scheduled for completion by mid-2019.

Space Surveillance Telescope (JP 3029 Phase 2) (Western Australia)

This $79.0 million project will provide facilities and infrastructure to support the operation of the Space Surveillance Telescope, which will enable Australian Defence Force space surveillance capability, enhanced global surveillance capability, and an increased ability to track space debris. The project is scheduled for completion by late 2018.

Delamere Range Facilities Redevelopment (Northern Territory)

This $74.4 million project will redevelop key range facilities and infrastructure to enable Growler and Mobile Threat Training Emitter Systems capability at Delamere Air Weapons Range (NT). The project is scheduled for completion by late 2018.

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