Australia's State Aviation Safety Programme
5. Challenges, priorities and objectives
5.4 Future objectives
TImplementation of the SSP will be undertaken consistent with the Australian legislative framework and supported by initiatives and policy directions outlined in the Australian Airspace Policy Statement and future Air Traffic Management Plan.
In making improvements to the safety system Australia will be mindful of the factors critical to successful implementation including:
- continuous dialogue between Government, industry and the broader community;
- synchronisation of investment in infrastructure and equipment by Government and industry to enable safety and efficiency gains to be realised by stakeholders;
- support for international and regional harmonisation;
- awareness of regulating and managing an airspace environment in which aircraft with different capabilities operate; and
- clear regulatory policy and timeframes so that Government agencies and industry have greater certainty and the ability to plan for when changes are to occur.
As outlined is section 2 of the SSP, system and risk-based approaches to safety oversight and more performance-based regulation will be increasingly used in Australia rather than prescriptive regulation and hands-on regulatory oversight.
Transitioning to approaches such as this, along with the issues outlined under section 5.1, present challenges the aviation industry and the aviation safety agencies alike in terms of their impact on respective roles, responsibilities and resource allocation.
Given the rapid pace of change in aviation, Australia will focus heavily on its short and medium term objectives while having regard to the long term objectives in the GASP.
An overview of Australia's key objectives to meet future challenges and priorities is detailed below.
Short term (2016–2020)
- Implementation of CASA's GNSS and ADSB based surveillance and navigation mandates which continue to 2017.
- Australia will continue engagement with ICAO and international aviation authorities for best practice approaches to aviation safety management and administration.
- Airservices will implement the findings of the “Operation Skysafe” program by continued investigation of conflict detection technology and changes to air routes.
- Airservices and CASA continue to progress a range of work items for the ICAO Separation and Airspace Safety Panel (SASP) including:
- new standards and procedures for parallel runway operations that include the use of GNSS Landing Systems;
- the use of multilateration and ADS-B as alternatives to radar as a parallel runway monitoring technology;
- new PBN separation minima for approved aircraft; and
- developing new space-based ADS-B separation minima for oceanic and remote airspace in partnership with Nav Canada, FAA and UK NATS.
- CASA's development of aviation safety regulations will ensure any regulatory change is on the basis of safety risk and will not impose unnecessary costs on industry.
- Align the classification of air operations with the ICAO model.
- Further enhancement of CASA and industry capability in relation to SMS.
- Continue to develop sector risk profiles for the Australian aviation industry to identify sector specific risks and joint risk treatment plans to manage aviation safety performance.
- The policy, procedures and oversight approach as well as surveillance capability will be reviewed for:
- the remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) industry;
- overseas based maintenance providers servicing Australian registered aircraft;
- off-shore helicopter operations; and
- oversight of operations conducted under Foreign Aircraft Air Operator's Certificates and related permissions.
- Airservices and Defence will introduce an integrated Civil-Military Air Traffic System (CMATS) to improve operational safety and efficiency, and manage the increasingly complex civil‑military airspace requirements.
- CASA, as the lead regulator for the implementation of the harmonised ATM system, will continue to work closely with Airservices and Defence to streamline the implementation of the harmonisation process.
- Consistent with the ICAO Global Air Navigation Plan, use of PBN (such as Required Navigation Performance and Ground Based Augmentation Systems with approved ADS-B avionics) will be expanded.
- Airservices, in consultation with CASA and industry stakeholders, will continue to develop the Future Airspace System (FAS) which will provide the basis for the development of a standard operating environment for Australian airspace.
- FAS work will initially concentrate on designing and implementing the airspace concept for the parallel runways at Brisbane, Perth and Melbourne airport. The work will assist in ensuring acceptably safe utilisation of airspace and air routes to get the most out of the capacity increases provided by the new runways.
- CASA will further refine its regulatory enforcement approach, including working with the ATSB to promote policies and procedures that support an open and effective safety reporting culture.
- Australia's aviation safety agencies will strengthen workforce capabilities to meet future requirements by development of initiatives and strategies such as:
- education and training programmes;
- develop succession plans and talent management to mitigate loss of critical capabilities through retirement; and
- implement capability framework to support and advise development requirements
- Continued development by CASA of regulatory options to address ageing aircraft issues and introduction of an updated ageing aircraft risk assessment tool for use by the Australian aviation industry.
- Development of comprehensive safety education, promotion and training programmes.
- Strengthen international and Asia Pacific regional aviation safety engagement by continuing to actively participate in relevant safety and technical groups and offer regulatory and operational education, training assistance and advice to support the development of Australia's regional partners.
- Over the next five years Airservices will invest over $1 billion on critical new and upgraded safety facilities and services, in air traffic control and rescue and fire fighting services including satellite-based ATM technology and the commencement of the transition to CMATS.
Medium term (2021–2025)
- Continued monitoring and refinement of the SSP framework and engagement with ICAO and international aviation authorities for a best practice approach to aviation safety management and implementation of SMS provisions.
- Emerging technologies and their different uses will be supported by flexible design of performance based regulations to support delivery of safety and efficiency outcomes.
- Continued use of PBN which will require wider regulatory requirements, education and training programmes to ensure the safe use of satellite-based technology.
- The joint programme, OneSKY, will deliver a system known as the Civil Military Air Traffic Management System (CMATS) with final Operational Capability by 2021.
- The growth in air transport will be supported by airspace management concept work led by Airservices.
- Appropriate airspace and air traffic management arrangements are put in place to facilitate the safe and efficient operation of planned new infrastructure capacity at Brisbane, Melbourne and Perth airports to meet future civil and military aviation demand.
Longer term (2026–2030)
- Significant progress is expected to be made in a number of areas to reach the long term GASP goal of advanced safety oversight systems and predicative risk modelling.
- This will need investment in data collection and analysis and implementation of risk mitigation in response to any emerging safety trends.
- Australia will continue to engage with ICAO and international aviation authorities to ensure best practice approaches to aviation safety management, the widespread adoption of PBN, and the development of highly automated ATM concepts supporting collaborative decision-making.