Australia's State Aviation Safety Programme
2. State safety risk management
Australia's comprehensive system of legislation and regulatory oversight has provided effective aviation safety outcomes over many decades.
However, a modern approach to aviation safety management necessitates a systems approach to managing safety risks, encompassing organisational structures, policies and procedures—the SMS approach.
Safety risk management of the Australian aviation industry is a shared responsibility between industry and government aviation agencies. It is important that the aviation industry and the aviation safety agencies work collaboratively to produce the best safety outcomes.
The SSP recognises the need for a transition to a systems-based approach to safety oversight along with risk-based surveillance. This shift places more responsibility on regulated organisations and changes how regulators undertake oversight and monitoring roles.
The identification and management of aviation safety risk is undertaken through a multi-layered process which permits the aggregation of system and risk information into higher order categories, culminating in an assessment of the level of risk across the aviation industry.
From this process, CASA is currently developing a Safety Plan. The Plan will identify the system risks present at a particular time and the treatments CASA has implemented to deal with these and will be subject to regular review.
CASA's risk management system is comprised of the following levels of risk management:
- Regulatory risk management;
- Surveillance outcomes risk management;
- Sector profile risk management;
- Industry profile risk management;
- System profile risk management ; and
- CASA Safety Plan
The ATSB, in carrying out its independent safety investigation role, also has regard to recognised risk management standards. In determining the seriousness of safety issues identified in the course of an investigation, ATSB assesses their systemic risk implications and encourages appropriate levels of safety action to mitigate the identified risk.
A Common Risk Management Framework (CRMF) is also used by APG agencies to ensure a consistent approach to airspace and air traffic management.